By Ijaz Chaudry  

Salat explained in simple steps;

Now the history and derivation of salat is out of the way, we can re-iterate the steps to read salat, first 2 raka (units) then 4 raka salat then 3 raka.. For a person who knows Arabic the Salat should be read in Arabic, however, for a beginner who does not know Arabic, initially he/she can read Salat in their language.  However, they should try and learn the Salat in Arabic, using transliterations and once they can do this they should than read Salat in Arabic. They should also need to know the meaning of these Arabic phrases.

 Two Raka Salat

1. Stand straight with hands on the side or folded at waist level and read 23:97-98 without the word “say” and Key the chapter 1.

2. Say Allah hu akbar and bow down by putting your hands on your knees

3. Read Subhana Rubial Azeem once, say Allah hu akbar and stand straight once again

4. Say Allah hu akbar fall prostrate, say Subhana Rubial Allah once

5. Say Allah hu akbar and sit up, say Allah hu akbar and prostrate again

6. Say Subhana Rubial Allah once

7. Say Allah hu akbar and stand up

8. Repeat steps 1 to 6, with a difference that you do not read 23:97-98 in step 1

9. Say Allah hu akbar and sit up again, read 17:111, except the word “say” and phrase “Magnify Him Constantly”.

10. The two units are complete now

 Four raka Salat

In four-raka salat we read 2 units first and continue to do the next 2 units, i.e. step 9 above would continue by saying Allah hu akbar and standing up and then doing two more raka’s exactly the same way as in 1 to 9, without reading 23:97-98 again. In the night prayer you need also read 17:80-81after 17:111 in Arabic at the two sitting positions.

 Three raka Salat

Three rakah salat ie (Mughrib) includes two units after completion of two units do step 7 and the steps 1 to 6 and step 9.


Juma can only be read in a congregation. Two or more then two can read Juma. The leader or the imam does the Khutba and read the two-raka prayer. Khutba is a talk about Islam based on Quran. Half way through the Khutba the imam asks every one to repent, where the Khutba is stopped temporarily and short time is allowed to repent. The other half of the Khutba is said and Salat is read.

Some people do call to prayer just before Salat, however the proper call should be at the start of Juma as described in 62:9.

 The verses from the Quran used in this article;

 [1:1]  In the name of GOD, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.*

 [1:2]  Praise be to GOD, Lord of the worlds.

 [1:3]  Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

 [1:4]  Master of the Day of Judgment.

 [1:5]  You alone we worship; You alone we ask for help.

 [1:6]  Guide us in the right path;

 [1:7]  the path of those whom You blessed; not of those who have deserved wrath, nor of the strayers.

[23:97]   "My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the whispers of the devils.

[23:98]  "And I seek refuge in You, my Lord, lest they come near me."

[17:80]  And say, "My Lord, admit me an honourable admittance, and let me depart an honourable departure, and grant me from You a powerful support."

[17:81]  Proclaim, "The truth has prevailed, and falsehood has vanished; falsehood will inevitably vanish."

[17:111]  And proclaim: "Praise be to GOD, who has never begotten a son, nor does He have a partner in His kingship, nor does He need any ally out of weakness," and magnify Him constantly.

Bismi Al-Lahi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīmi Bismi Al-Lahi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīmi Transliteration (you might need to find out how the phrases are formed in Arabic) this is a site where you can get this information;

Chapter 1;

Bismi Al-Lahi Ar-Rahmani Ar-Rahimi

Al-Hamdu Lillahi Rabbi Al-`Alamina

Ar-Rahmani Ar-Rahimi

Maliki Yawmi Ad-Dini

'Iyaka Na`budu Wa 'Iyaka Nasta`inu

Ahdina As-Sirata Al-Mustaqima

Sirata Al-Ladhina 'An`amta `Alayhim Ghayri Al-Maghdubi `Alayhim Wa La Ad-Ðallina

(23:97-98) Waqul rabbi aAAoothu bika min hamazatialshshayateeniRabbi aAAoothu bika min hamazatialshshayateeni

WaaAAoothu bika rabbi an yahdurooniWaaAAoothu bika rabbi an yahdurooni

(17:111) Al-Hamdu Lillahi Al-Ladhi Lam Yattakhidh Waladaan Wa Lam Yakun Lahu Sharikun Fi Al-Mulki Wa Lam Yakun Lahu Wa Liyun Mina Adh-Dhulli 

(17:80) Rabbi 'Adkhilni Mudkhala Sidqin Wa 'Akhrijni Mukhraja Sidqin Wa Aj`al Li Min Ladunka Sultanaan Nasiraan

(17:81) Ja'a Al-Haqqu Wa Zahaqa Al-Batilu  'Inna Al-Batila Kana Zahuqaan