God only asked us to do salat and zakat after he revealed all the corrupted parts of the salat which is the content of salat and the amount of payment of zakat;

By: Ijaz chaudry

For this article we travel back to the time of Muhammad over 1400 years ago and capture the moments of how and when Muhammad received the details of correct Salat. Because Quran was revealed in different order than what we have today we will cross link the order of revelation of the Quran with what order we have now of the chapters of the Quran. Muhammad was not revealed all the details of how to do Salat until chapter 50 which is chapter 17 now.

 The Chapter 1 of the Quran ”The Key” which is read in Salat in standing position, was revealed at order number 5, chapter 56 in which God explains what to read when you bow “Glory be to Lord the Great” was revealed at order number 46, chapter 87, where God explains what to read when you prostrate, was revealed at order number 8, chapter 17, where all the Salat details come together and also God explains what to read in the kneeling position was revealed at order number 50. How much Zakat to pay was also mentioned in this Chapter!

In order to deduce facts of how the Salat details were revealed to Muhammad we need to put forward a hypothesis. And this hypothesis is that if all details were not revealed before Chapter 51 in order of revelation than the only way this hypothesis can be proven true would be if God did not ask Muhammad and his followers to observe the Salat until chapter 51, because God knows that not all instructions of Salat were with Muhammad and He would not ask Muhammad and his followers to do which is not been revealed.

If the above is true then the commandment saying Observe Salat and Zakat would have come after chapter 50, in the order of revelation. There are some verses which imply continuation of Salat for today’s generation where the whole Quran has been revealed and there are some believers who read correct Salat. But the only direct command to read Salat came after chapter 17 order of revelation 50. This phenomenon is visible in;

 

(27:3) order of revelation 48

[27:3] Who observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and they are, with regard to the Hereafter, absolutely certain.

 

(35:18) order of revelation 43

[35:18] No, soul can carry the sins of another soul. If a soul that is loaded with sins implores another to bear part of its load, no other soul can carry any part of it, even if they were related. The only people to heed your warnings are those who reverence their Lord, even when alone in their privacy, and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat). Whoever purifies his soul, does so for his own good. To GOD is the final destiny.

 

(35:29) order of revelation 43

[35:29] Surely, those who recite the book of GOD, observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and from our provisions to them they spend - secretly and publicly - are engaged in an investment that never loses.

 

(20:132) order of revelation 45

The Parents' Responsibility

[20:132] You shall enjoin your family to observe the contact prayers (Salat), and steadfastly persevere in doing so. We do not ask you for any provisions; we are the ones who provide for you. The ultimate triumph belongs to the righteous.

It is important to notice here that in order for the parents to enjoin their children to read salat they should know the salat themselves. So these would be the believers now and in future who recite the salat correctly.

It is important to notice here that in order for the parents to enjoin their children to read salat they should know the salat themselves. So these would be the believers now and in future who recite the salat correctly. Thus addressing today’s generation where all the Quran has been revealed including the Salat and Zakat instructions.

There is however a direct commandment for some believers to read salat in (73:20), however when you read this chapter carefully you will notice that this chapter is referring to “Cloaked One” and not Muhammad and his companions. Please read the following to clarify this point.

 

(73:20) order of revelation 3.

[73:4] Or a little more. And read the Quran from cover to cover.

[73:20] Your Lord knows that you meditate during two-thirds of the night, or half of it, or one-third of it, and so do some of those who believed with you. GOD has designed the night and the day, and He knows that you cannot always do this. He has pardoned you. Instead, you shall read what you can of the Quran. He knows that some of you may be ill, others may be travelling in pursuit of GOD's provisions, and others may be striving in the cause of GOD. You shall read what you can of it, and observe the contact prayers (Salat), give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and lend GOD a loan of righteousness. Whatever good you send ahead on behalf of your souls, you will find it at GOD far better and generously rewarded. And implore GOD for forgiveness. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.

It is clear that this chapter is intended for the “Clocked One”, which would happen in the future, why in the future, because only three chapters were revealed up to this point however, in (73:4) it is asking the Clocked one to read the Quran from cover to cover. As we know there is no nonsense in the Quran, this have to be a future event when the whole Quran has been revealed and hence the Quran could be read from cover to cover. This means that (73:20) also is for the future generation where it commands them to observe Salat and Zakat, and the details for these are already in the Quran.

 

What did Muhammad and his companions did instead of Salat and Zakat, they prayed to God and gave to charity..

 

(108:2) order of revelation 15

[108:2] Therefore, you shall pray to your Lord, and give to charity.

Indeed (108:2) is not talking about Salat. It is just talking about prayer in devotion to God, for example by reading Chapter 1 the key like Adam did (2:37).

Salat mentioned before chapter 50 in the order of revelation which does not stipulate the observance of Salat;


Chapter verse and order of revelation;
7:170 39
19:31 44
19:55 44
19:59 44
20:14 45
20:132 45
27:3 48
35:18 43
35:29 43
73:20 3
74:43 4
75:31 31
87:15 8
107:4 17

 

And after these there is a direct commandment to observe Salat and Zakat, similar command has been issued many times after chapter 87 order of revelation in the Quran;

 

[2:43] order of revelation 87
You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and bow down with those who bow down.


Thus this article has proven beyond doubt that first Muhammad deduced all the Salat details from the Quran, second that God revealed accumulation of all Salat details in Chapter 17 order of revelation 50, thirdly because of the slow progression of revelation of Salat to Muhammad clarifies another aspect, which is that God tests people at every step of the way and once you pass that test more revelations come your way, therefore the message comes in stages rather all at once. Hence it is advisable for newbies to apply revelations whenever they come across them and do not wait until all the message is delivered, unless they would like to be misguided by Satan and lose your chance to be guided.