Hajj could only be done when Mecca is occupied by the believers;

By Ijaz Chaudry

 

There is clear commandment in Quran which prohibits believers from worshipping in a Mosque which is occupied by the disbelievers.  Please read the following;

 

[9:107]  There are those who abuse the masjid by practicing idol worship, dividing the believers, and providing comfort to those who oppose GOD and His messenger. They solemnly swear: "Our intentions are honorable!" GOD bears witness that they are liars.

 

[9:108]  You shall never pray in such a masjid. A masjid that is established on the basis of righteousness from the first day is more worthy of your praying therein. In it, there are people who love to be purified. GOD loves those who purify themselves.

 

Disbelievers and the Sacred Mosque in Mecca;

So does this apply to the sacred mosque in Mecca? If Sacred Mosque in Mecca is occupied by disbelievers should believers not do pilgrimage there?

 

For this purpose we would like to look at what happened to Muhammad and believers all those years ago but why, because as the following verse says the messengers set precedent for us;

 

[6:34]  Messengers before you have been rejected, and they steadfastly persevered in the face of rejection. They were persecuted until our victory came to them. Such is GOD's system that will never change. The history of  My messengers thus sets the precedents for you.

 

We know from the following verse that Muhammad and believers were prevented from doing Hajj by disbelievers.

 

[5:2]  O you who believe, do not violate the rites instituted by GOD, nor the Sacred Months, nor the animals to be offered, nor the garlands marking them, nor the people who head for the Sacred Shrine (Ka`bah) seeking blessings from their Lord and approval. Once you complete the pilgrimage, you may hunt. Do not be provoked into aggression by your hatred of people who once prevented you from going to the Sacred Masjid. You shall cooperate in matters of righteousness and piety; do not cooperate in matters that are sinful and evil. You shall observe GOD. GOD is strict in enforcing retribution.

 

So when Muhammad and his community did Hajj?

Chapter 5 and its order of revelation 112, just before chapter 9 order of revelation 113, when Muhammad and his followers conquered Mecca.

 

3:96-97 is command to do Hajj and 9:3 is the verse when Muhammad occupied Mecca and did Hajj.  Thus they did Hajj when Mecca was occupied by believers.  When we concatenate these verses we get confirmation of their doing Hajj.

 

[3:96]  The most important shrine established for the people is the one in Becca; a blessed beacon for all the people.

 

[3:97]  In it are clear signs: the station of Abraham. Anyone who enters it shall be granted safe passage. The people owe it to GOD that they shall observe Hajj to this shrine, when they can afford it. As for those who disbelieve, GOD does not need anyone.

 

[9:3]  A proclamation is herein issued from GOD and His messenger to all the people on the great day of pilgrimage, that GOD has disowned the idol worshipers, and so did His messenger. Thus, if you repent, it would be better for you. But if you turn away, then know that you can never escape from GOD. Promise those who disbelieve a painful retribution.

 

9 3 3 96 97 = 491563 * 19 and 9 3 3 96 97 / 190 = 49156 / 3

 

Position 3 describes Principle or Rule clarified, indeed principle of under what circumstances one can do Hajj is clarified in the code above which is that one can only do Hajj when Kabaa is occupied by the believers. Temporal connection is that (9:3) left most which means the most recent, thus the above code implies that today and at Muhammad’s time the Hajj would only be done when Kabaa is occupied by believers, (3:96-97) is historic in the above code because it is situated right most in the code above and indeed these two verses only imply if (9:3) is true that is Kabaa is occupied by believers as an example of Muhammad who did Hajj in (9:3).  The Level is 6 which is Theme “Messenger Related”, indeed (9:3) is all about when Muhammad occupied Kabaa and did Hajj, thus being Messenger related.

 

Also we are only allowed to use the commandment in 2:196 i.e. “If you are prevented …” when the believers occupy Kabaa;

 

 [2:196]  You shall observe the complete rites of Hajj and`Umrah for GOD. If you are prevented, you shall send an offering, and do not resume cutting your hair until your offering has reached its destination. If you are ill, or suffering a head injury (and you must cut your hair), you shall expiate by fasting, or giving to charity, or some other form of worship. During the normal Hajj, if you break the state of Ihraam (sanctity) between `Umrah and Hajj, you shall expiate by offering an animal sacrifice. If you cannot afford it, you shall fast three days during Hajj and seven when you return home - this completes ten - provided you do not live at the Sacred Masjid. You shall observe GOD, and know that GOD is strict in enforcing retribution.

 

[5:2]  O you who believe, do not violate the rites instituted by GOD, nor the Sacred Months, nor the animals to be offered, nor the garlands marking them, nor the people who head for the Sacred Shrine (Ka`bah) seeking blessings from their Lord and approval. Once you complete the pilgrimage, you may hunt.  Do not be provoked into aggression by your hatred of people who once prevented you from going to the Sacred Masjid. You shall cooperate in matters of righteousness and piety; do not cooperate in matters that are sinful and evil. You shall observe GOD. GOD is strict in enforcing retribution.

 

5 2 2 196 = 27484 * 19 and 5 2 2 196 / 190 = 2748.4

 

The context of the verses (5:2) & (2:196) clarifies that the rule mentioned in (2:196) which states when prevented to do Hajj due to illness then an offering should be send to the shrine, is only applicable when Kabaa is occupied by the believers, this fact is clear from (5:2) where it starts with “O you who believe … which implies that the Kabaa is occupied by the believers.”.

 

Position 4 describes act of righteousness, indeed both verses above describe acts of righteousness .i.e. the act of doing Hajj.  Temporal connection suggest (5:2) left most which is most recent because this verse is an example of Muhammad and his followers being prevented from doing Hajj, and (2:196) is right most that is historical because the instructions of what to do when prevented to do Hajj are in this verse of which (5:2) decision was made.  The Level is 5 which is Theme “Detailing Information” indeed the above code details out when (2:196) applies and when it does not.

 

Also 5:2 and 9:3 are coded.  5+2+9+3=19 and 19 / 190 = 0.1

 

Position 1 describes scenario described, indeed (5:2 & 9:3) is one scenario where one does Hajj when Kabaa is occupied by the believers .i.e. in this instance Kabaa was occupied by Muhammad and his followers.  Also the trend in codes which is when the code is derived when all entities in the code are added together rather than concatenated is that it is the application of the context of the verses.  Indeed above (5:2) is application of (9:3) when Kabaa was occupied by Muhammad and his followers.  The Level is 1 which is Theme “Precedence”, indeed the context of the verses in this code sets precedence for the believers.


The above two codes for (5:2, 9:3 & 5:2, 2:196) confirm that “if you are prevented...” in 2:196 from doing Hajj is to do with lack of cash or illness. This is true because both 5:2 and 9:3 is addressing believer’s .i.e. when believer’s occupied Mecca.

In Conclusion;

Briefly whilst summing up this article it becomes clear that Hajj cannot be done whilst Mecca is occupied by the disbelievers like it is occupied now. This fact is further proven by Muhammad’s example in the Quran. However when Mecca does get occupied by the believers, the believers are asked not to feel aggressive towards disbelievers and let them do Hajj if they want to in the correct manner.