Ramadan, the Month of Fasting;

This article was written with little help from Submitters Org

By Ijaz Chaudry

Who Fasts in Ramadan?

Ramadan is a special month of the year for over one billion Muslims throughout the world. Let us inspect the most common reasons for those who fast in this month. Quran gives two reasons for fasting, one fasting is a process of obtaining salvation (2:183) and two fasting in Ramadan is required to commemorate and witness the revelation of the Quran (2:185), which was revealed in this month over 1400 years ago.

Ramadan is a special month of the year for over one billion Muslims throughout the world. Let us inspect the most common reasons for those who fast in this month. Quran gives two reasons for fasting, one fasting is a process of obtaining salvation (2:183) and two fasting in Ramadan is required to commemorate and witness the revelation of the Quran (2:185), which was revealed in this month over 1400 years ago.

At this juncture I do not wish to go into debate of rights and wrongs of Hadith, my only intention is to get to the understanding why Muslims at large believe that they have to fast, whilst the fasting is only applicable to the reverent Muslims, who observe Salat every day and pay Zakat consistently and are truly devoted to God alone. The fasting and the reverent Muslims compatibility is discussed and proved from the Quran later.

Since 99.99% of Muslims follow Hadith of some kind or the other one billion Muslims will have large proportion of Muslims who follow Hadith in one way or the other. This may be through hearsay, or association with someone who reads Hadith, or may be by directly reading the Hadith and implementing it.

Let’s take an example of Hadith which might force a Muslim to fast; please read the following Hadith;

Abu Huraira related that Rasulullah said: If anyone omits his fast even for one day in Ramadan without a concession or without being ill, then if he were to fast for the rest of his life he could not make up for it (Bukhari).

Now this Hadith really puts terror in the hearts of the Muslims and forces them to fast despite their wishes not to fast. This is one example and there might be more of Hadith which oppresses the Muslims today to fast.

God is Most Merciful, and His laws are lenient and gentle, He is most forgiving, he would never constitute laws like the one we read above from the Bukhari Hadith.

Now let us look at what the Quran says who should be fasting in the month of Ramadan, but before we do that we need to get acquainted with the Miracle of 19 of the Quran;

The whole Quran is mathematically coded where the common denominator of these codes is number 19. This coding mechanism guarantees that every letter, word, verse and chapter stays in tact as it was originally revealed to Muhammad. The definition of this Miracle is stated in verses (74:30-35) of the Quran. This book defines itself in two ways, it describes itself as Al-Quran or The Quran which is the original text in Arabic of the Quran which stays the same over all generations and it also describes itself as Quranan or a Quran, which is the interpreted version of the Quran, which also requires using the mathematical miracle of 19 in a specific way. This page is using both descriptions of the Quran to clarify what is required to do fasting.

For the understanding of who should be fasting, I have used interpretation as you will see in the following verses;

(2:183) O you who believe (the practicing Muslims), fasting is decreed for you as it was decreed for those before you perhaps you may be righteous.

 *the interpretation "the practicing Muslims" or "almuslimun muzawala" In Arabic has respective geometric values of 31, 226 and 489; when we add these values with (2: 183) we get complete multiple of 19; 2 + 183 + 31 + 226 + 489 = 931 / 19 = 49 x 19; the Position is 9 which is "Provision", indeed this is great provision from God that only the most reverent  and humble believers who do Salat and all other practices of Islam are required to do fasting. This fact is further elaborated when we add verse (2:45) and verse (2:183) which are both unique verses we get complete multiple of 19; confirming the fact in (2:45) fasting is a hard task but not for humble believers, another word for humble is submissive, indeed these believers are total submitters to God.

(2:45) And seek help with patience and contact Prayer (Salat), and this indeed is hard except for the humble (the practicing Muslims).

45 + 183 = 228 / 19 = 12

 If that is not enough there is further proof as follows;

 *when we concatenate the geometric values of “almuslimun muzawala” with the chapter 2 and verses 45 and 183, we get complete multiple of 19, confirming the fact that only the most reverent believers who perform all rites of Islam are required to fast. This indeed is God’s immense mercy on us. One can be a believer without practicing Islam as mentioned in (2:62) & (5:69).

31 226 489 2 45 183 = 1643499433957 x 19; since both verses (2:45) and (2:183) use the same interpretations “almuslimun muzawala” and its geometric values, we have used these geometric values only once in the code, based on the trends of the coding system; Position is 7 which is disbelievers, indeed this code position confirms, those who force other Muslims to fast without they being eligible to fast are considered to be disbelievers. 

(2:183) O you who believe (the practicing Muslims), fasting is decreed for you as it was decreed for those before you perhaps you may be righteous.

 

*the interpretation "the practicing Muslims" or "almuslimun muzawala" In Arabic has respective geometric values of 31, 226 and 489; when we add these values with (2: 183) we get complete multiple of 19; 2 + 183 + 31 + 226 + 489 = 931 / 19 = 49 x 19; the Position is 9 which is "Provision", indeed this is great provision from God that only the most reverent  and humble believers who do Salat and all other practices of Islam are required to do fasting. This fact is further elaborated when we add verse (2:45) and verse (2:183) which are both unique verses we get complete multiple of 19; confirming the fact in (2:45) fasting is a hard task but not for humble believers, another word for humble is submissive, indeed these believers are total submitters to God.

 

(2:45) And seek help with patience and contact Prayer (Salat), and this indeed is hard except for the humble (the practicing Muslims).

 

45 + 183 = 228 / 19 = 12

 

If that is not enough there is further proof as follows;

 

*when we concatenate the geometric values of “almuslimun muzawala” with the chapter 2 and verses 45 and 183, we get complete multiple of 19, confirming the fact that only the most reverent believers who perform all rites of Islam are required to fast. This indeed is God’s immense mercy on us. One can be a believer without practicing Islam as mentioned in (2:62) & (5:69).

 

31 226 489 2 45 183 = 1643499433957 x 19; since both verses (2:45) and (2:183) use the same interpretations “almuslimun muzawala” and its geometric values, we have used these geometric values only once in the code, based on the trends of the coding system; Position is 7 which is disbelievers, indeed this code position confirms, those who force other Muslims to fast without they being eligible to fast are considered to be disbelievers. 

Ramadan is a special month of the year for over one billion Muslims throughout the world. Let us inspect the most common reasons for those who fast in this month. Quran gives two reasons for fasting, one fasting is a process of obtaining salvation (2:183) and two fasting in Ramadan is required to commemorate and witness the revelation of the Quran (2:185), which was revealed in this month over 1400 years ago.

Fasting in Ramadan is obligatory on those who can do it. . Sick people and some travellers in certain conditions are exempted from the fast but must make it up when they are able to.  The believers who can fast but with difficulty because of any reason like illness (e.g. Diabetes) do not have to fast as long as they pay the charity if they can afford it.  The proof that poor does not have to pay the charity is as follows;

[2:183] O you who believe (the practicing Muslims), fasting is decreed for you, as it was decreed for those before you, that you may attain salvation.

[2:184] Specific days (are designated for fasting); if one is ill or travelling, an equal number of other days may be substituted. Those who can fast, but with great difficulty, may substitute feeding one poor person for each day of breaking the fast. If one volunteers (more righteous works), it is better. But fasting is the best for you, if you only knew.

[17:26] You shall give the due alms to the relatives, the needy, the poor, and the travelling alien, but do not be excessive, extravagant.

[17:27] The extravagant are brethren of the devils, and the devil is unappreciative of his Lord.

[17:28] Even if you have to turn away from them, as you pursue the mercy of your Lord, you shall treat them in the nicest manner.

2:183 – 184 Specifies that one person should be fed every day for each fast you are not keeping and 17:26-28 are the rules of paying charity same rules as in Zakat because paying to feed poor person in place of not keeping fast is also obligation like Zakat is obligation.  17:28 is emphasising the fact that poor do not have to feed the poor.

17:26-28 = 26+27+28 = 81

2:183 – 184 = 183+184=367

17 81 2 367 = 937493 x 19

17 81 2 367 / 190 = 93749.3

The above proof states that 17:26-28 rules apply when feeding the poor.  The Temporal connection suggest that the rule of feeding one poor person everyday of Ramadan comes first i.e. chapter 17 and its verses. And chapter 2 and its verses come next historical because these are application of rule mentioned in (17:26-28).  Position 3 describes “Principle or Rule clarified” indeed rules are in 17:26-28 regarding feeding the poor during fasting which is mentioned in 2:183-184.  Level is 6 which is Theme “Messenger related”, thus context of this code is “Messenger related”, indeed the whole concept of fasting is in respect to the deliverance of the Quran in this month of Ramadan, and Quran is a messenger which was revealed to a messenger Muhammad.

[2:185] Ramadan is the month during which the Quran was revealed, providing guidance for the people, clear teachings, and the statute book. Those of you who witness this month shall fast therein. Those who are ill or travelling may substitute the same number of other days. GOD wishes for you convenience, not hardship, that you may fulfil your obligations, and to glorify GOD for guiding you, and to express your appreciation.

The Sighting of the Moon;

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar. While many Muslim sects insist on the physical sighting of the moon, there is no such requirement in the Quran, the Muslim's holy book. The much-anticipated start of the month can now be based on the very accurate astronomical calculations.

From Dawn to Sunset;

The daily period of fasting starts at the breaking of dawn and ends at the setting of the sun. In between -- that is, during the daylight hours -- Muslims (Submitters) totally abstain from food, drink, smoking, and sex. The usual practice is to have a pre-fast meal (suhoor) before dawn and a post-fast meal (iftar) after sunset.

The Islamic lunar calendar, being 11 to 12 days shorter than the Gregorian calendar, migrates throughout the seasons. Thus, if Ramadan begins on January 20 one year, next year it will begin on January 9. In this way, the length of the day, and thus the fasting period, varies in length from place to place over the years. Every Muslim, no matter where he or she lives, will see an average Ramadan day of the approximately 13.5 hours.

Devotion to God;

The last ten days of Ramadan are a time of special spiritual power as everyone tries to come closer to God through devotions and good deeds. The Quran was revealed in this month in particular on the 27th of Ramadan. On 27th of Ramadan 13 B.H the Quran was revealed to Muhammad at once and then slowly released to him through Gabriel over 23 years. This fact is noted in this verse;

[17:106]  A Quran that we have released slowly, in order for you to read it to the people over a long period, although we sent it down all at once.

The following verses illustrates this occasion;

[97:1]  We revealed it in the Night of Destiny.

[97:2]  How awesome is the Night of Destiny!

[97:3]  The Night of Destiny is better than a thousand months.

First the fact that the Quran was revealed in Ramadan is confirmed by the following code;

(97:1) & (2:185) 97 + 1 + 2 + 185 = 285 = 15 x 19 this code confirms that the Quran was revealed on the Night of Destiny. Now following is the proof that the Night of Destiny was the 27th of Ramadan which is 9th Month of Lunar Islamic calendar of 13 B.H.

Concatenate 27 the day these revelations came about…

27 97 1 2 3 = 147217 x 19 or 27 97 1 2 3 / 190 = 14721.7

Temporal connection is telling us that 27th is the day when the event of revelation of the Quran took place mentioned in (97:1-3) right most to Muhammad.

Position 7 describes “Disbelievers” and indeed the Disbelievers have abominated the 27th of Ramadan to a great extent, they idolise Muhammad on that day extensively whilst they should only idolise God.  Level is 6 which is Theme “Messenger related”.  There are two messengers involved in the context of this code, Muhammad who the Quran was revealed to and Quran itself which is also a messenger.

It was year 13 B.H (before Hijrah .i.e. before Muhammad left Mecca due to oppression to go to Medina) when this was revealed and it was ninth month of Ramadan, thus;

(97:1-3) 1 + 2 + 3 = 6

97 + 6 + 27 + 13 + 9 = 152 = 8 x 19 or 152 / 190 = 0.8

Position 8 describes “Issues”, indeed the disbelievers have made many issues regarding this Night and the ascension of Muhammad to high heaven to receive the Quran (53:1-18), they say that Muhammad rode a flying horse to heaven; if that was the case then Muhammad would still be traveling. The reality is based on the facts revealed by Dr Rashad Khalifa the messenger of the Covenant is that it is a vision where the Soul travels to the High Heaven faster than the speed of light, which actually happened to Dr Rashad Khalifa while he was asleep.

Level 2 is Theme “Related to righteousness”.  Thus this act of receiving the Quran by Muhammad was very much related to righteousness.

 During the month, Muslims (Submitters) try to read as much of the Qur'an as they can. Some spend part of their day listening to the recitation of the Qur'an in a mosque.  Meet for Quranic studies or for congregation prayers. Some spend the last ten days of Ramadan in a mosque devoting the whole ten days for worshipping God.

Food in Ramadan;

Since Ramadan is a special time, Muslims (Submitters) in many parts of the world prepare certain favourite foods during this month. Since Ramadan emphasizes community aspects and since everyone eats dinner at the same time, Muslims often invite one another to share in the Ramadan evening meal.

Some Muslim’s (Submitters) find that they eat less for dinner during Ramadan than at other times due to stomach contraction. However, as a rule, most Muslims experience little fatigue during the day since the body becomes used to the altered routine during the first week of Ramadan.

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. Ramadan is mentioned in the Quran ONCE. in 2:185. The verse speaks for Ramadan;

 [2:185] "Ramadan is the month during which the Quran was revealed, providing guidance for the people, clear teachings, and the statute book. Those of you who witness this month shall fast therein. Those who are ill or travelling may substitute the same number of other days. GOD wishes for you convenience, not hardship, that you may fulfil your obligations, and to glorify GOD for guiding you, and to express your appreciation."

Quranic References regarding Fasting;

[2:183]  O you who believe (the practicing Muslims), fasting is decreed for you, as it was decreed for those before you, that you may attain salvation.

   *2:183-187 Like all duties in Submission, fasting was decreed through Abraham. Prior to revelation of the Quran, sexual intercourse was prohibited throughout the fasting period. This rule is modified in 2:187 to allow intercourse during the nights of Ramadan.

[2:184]  Specific days (are designated for fasting); if one is ill or traveling, an equal number of other days may be substituted. Those who can fast, but with great difficulty, may substitute feeding one poor person for each day of breaking the fast. If one volunteers (more righteous works), it is better. But fasting is the best for you, if you only knew.

[2:185]  Ramadan is the month during which the Quran was revealed, providing guidance for the people, clear teachings, and the statute book. Those of you who witness this month shall fast therein. Those who are ill or traveling may substitute the same number of other days. GOD wishes for you convenience, not hardship, that you may fulfill your obligations, and to glorify GOD for guiding you, and to express your appreciation.

     God Answers the Prayers of "His Servants"

[2:186]  When My servants ask you about Me, I am always near. I answer their prayers when they pray to Me. The people shall respond to Me and believe in Me, in order to be guided.

[2:187]  Permitted for you is sexual intercourse with your wives during the nights of fasting. They are the keepers of your secrets, and you are the keepers of their secrets. GOD knew that you used to betray your souls, and He has redeemed you, and has pardoned you. Henceforth, you may have intercourse with them, seeking what GOD has permitted for you. You may eat and drink until the white thread of light becomes distinguishable from the dark thread of night at dawn. Then, you shall fast until sunset. Sexual intercourse is prohibited if you decide to retreat to the masjid (during the last ten days of Ramadan). These are GOD's laws; you shall not transgress them. GOD thus clarifies His revelations for the people, that they may attain salvation.

***Also Fasting is also used for repentance purposes as you can see in the following verses;

[2:196]  You shall observe the complete rites of Hajj and`Umrah for GOD. If you are prevented, you shall send an offering, and do not resume cutting your hair until your offering has reached its destination. If you are ill, or suffering a head injury (and you must cut your hair), you shall expiate by fasting, or giving to charity, or some other form of worship. During the normal Hajj, if you break the state of Ihraam (sanctity) between `Umrah and Hajj, you shall expiate by offering an animal sacrifice. If you cannot afford it, you shall fast three days during Hajj and seven when you return home - this completes ten - provided you do not live at the Sacred Masjid. You shall observe GOD, and know that GOD is strict in enforcing retribution.

[4:92]  No believer shall kill another believer, unless it is an accident. If one kills a believer by accident, he shall atone by freeing a believing slave, and paying a compensation to the victim's family, unless they forfeit such a compensation as a charity. If the victim belonged to people who are at war with you, though he was a believer, you shall atone by freeing a believing slave. If he belonged to people with whom you have signed a peace treaty, you shall pay the compensation in addition to freeing a believing slave. If you cannot find* a slave to free, you shall atone by fasting two consecutive months, in order to be redeemed by GOD. GOD is Knower, Most Wise.

   *4:92 Since slavery does not exist, the offender must atone by fasting two consecutive months.