Abortion is it allowed in Islam?

By Ijaz ChaudryBy Ijaz Chaudry

 

The Old Testament says “Thy, shall not kill” and covers this subject, and the New Testament is totally against any sought of abortion.  We know from Quran that the scripture in the past has been tempered with;

[2:79] therefore, woe to those who distort the scripture with their own hands, then say, "This is what GOD has revealed," seeking a cheap material gain. Woe to them for such distortion and woe to them for their illicit gains.

 [2:174] those who conceal GOD's revelations in the scripture, in exchange for a cheap material gain, eat but fire into their bellies. GOD will not speak to them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them. They have incurred a painful retribution.

[3:187] GOD took a covenant from those who received the scripture: "You shall proclaim it to the people, and never conceal it." But they disregarded it behind their backs, and traded it away for a cheap price. What a miserable trade.

However, God promised that Quran will not change.  This fact has been established in recent years by modern technology which confirmed that Quran has not changed since the time of Muhammad and indeed is the word of God.

[43:3]  We have rendered it an Arabic Quran, that you may understand.

[43:4]  It is preserved with us in the original master, honourable and full of wisdom.

[85:21]  Indeed, it is a glorious Quran.

[85:22]  In a preserved master tablet.

Where does Quran stand on abortion?

So what does Quran say about abortion.  As we know abortion can be necessary under certain circumstances like rape and lifesaving purpose.  God has provided us with His Mercy and allow abortion up till certain point.  The Abortion is allowed until Foetus is formed.  This is subtly but clearly put in the verse as follows;

[22:5]  O people, if you have any doubt about resurrection, (remember that) we created you from dust, and subsequently from a tiny drop, which turns into a hanging (embryo), then it becomes a foetus that is given life or deemed lifeless. We thus clarify things for you. We settle in the wombs whatever we will for a predetermined period.  We then bring you out as infants, than you reach maturity. While some, of you die young, others live to the worst age, only to find out that no more knowledge can be attained beyond a certain limit. Also, you look at a land that is dead, than as soon as we shower it with water, it vibrates with life and grows all kinds of beautiful plants.

The underlined bold part of the verse above is the key to understand this point. We are disallowed murdering a Life.  And above life is only given to Foetus and not to embryo.  Thus it is okay to abort embryo.  But we need confirmation of some sort perhaps a verse where abortion is mention.  These verses are as follows;

[22:1] O people, you shall reverence your Lord, for the quaking of the Hour is something horrendous.

[22:2] The day you witness it, even a nursing mother will discard her infant, and a pregnant woman will abort her foetus. You will see the people staggering, as if they are intoxicated, even though they are not intoxicated. This is because GOD's retribution is so awesome.

The verses above talk about aborting an unborn baby.  When you add 1+2+5 the three verses in question you get 8.  Concatenate 8 to 22 the chapter number we get 228 which is 19x12 or 228 / 190 = 1/ 2.  Confirming the fact that 22:5 can be used as a guide to abortion based on the fact that life is given to foetus and not an embryo and that, 19 based codes in the Quran does remove all traces of doubt.

Position 2 describes “Command used in various situations”, thus 22:5 is a command used in understanding abortion allowed and also used to understand creation of human from embryo, thus as the Position 2 describes this command (22:5) is used under various circumstances.

The Level is 2 which is Theme “Related to Righteousness” which indeed reflects the fact it is righteous to abort an embryo but not a foetus.

Also below another verse explains where foetus is made into a creature and not embryo.

[23:14] Then we developed the drop into a hanging (embryo), then developed the hanging (embryo) into a bite-size (foetus), then created the bite-size (foetus) into bones, then covered the bones with flesh. We thus produce a new creature. Most blessed is GOD, the best Creator.

Number of days to abortion;

To be more precise in days when the abortion is allowed look at the following derivation of the codes;

The sum of pregnancy and breast feeding is 30 months (46:15). The time for breastfeeding alone is 24 months (31:14). 30 – 24 = 6 months is the pregnancy of life (nafs). The total number of months in pregnancy from embryo onwards is 9 months. Thus 9 – 6 = 3 months is when there is no life in embryo or foetus, which is to give and take couple of days, is 86 days. The approximation of 86 days signifies an important point which is that no child is born exactly as scheduled, therefore this approximation of the days, prepares the believers for just an event like this.

Therefore the abortion can take place within the first 86 days of pregnancy. (22:2) 86 22 2 = 4538 x 19. Position is 8 “Issues”, indeed there are many issues regarding abortion in Islam and other faiths, but this code clarifies all these issues for once and all.

Hence when the foetus reaches 87 days the life is given to the foetus. (22:5) 22 + 5 + 87 = 114 = 19 x 6 Position 6 is “Caution”, indeed this is very important moment because God might not give life to foetus.

[31:14] We enjoined the human being to honour his parents. His mother bore him, and the load got heavier and heavier. It takes two years (of intensive care) until weaning. You shall be appreciative of Me, and of your parents. To Me is the ultimate destiny.

[46:15] We enjoined the human being to honour his parents. His mother bore him arduously, gave birth to him arduously, and took intimate care of him for thirty months. When he reaches maturity, and reaches the age of forty, he should say, "My Lord, direct me to appreciate the blessings You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and to do the righteous works that please You. Let my children be righteous as well. I have repented to You; I am a submitter."

In Conclusion;

Abortion is allowed in Islam. Abortion sometimes becomes important factor in the case of rape or lifesaving purpose, where abortion is necessary. Abortion is allowed up till 86 days after pregnancy before the life is given to the foetus.