Following the Quran, an integral part of Submission (Islam) Muhammads Example;

Written by Ijaz Chaudry

One of the best examples of a Submitter (Muslim) was the prophet Muhammad. We would do no harm in following his example as a Submitter, because he was indeed a prophet and a messenger. The question arises how we can follow his example when he is not with us now, and the information regarding him is imprecise and fabricated (the first Hadith was written 200 years after the prophet’s death). One way to obtain precise and accurate information regarding Muhammad’s way of life would be to look at the source of his knowledge. Obviously he was God’s messenger and would only follow the knowledge provided to him by God. Therefore it only makes sense to look at the only revelation he received from God, the Quran.

(5:48-50) informs us that the prophet Muhammad was specifically asked to rule among his people in accordance with the Quran. (69:40-47) Muhammad was forbidden any other religious teachings besides the Quran. (17:73-75) Muhammad was ordered to adhere strictly to God’s revelations and deviation from it meant severe punishment. (6:19) Muhammad only preached the Quran, any other source (e.g., Sunnah and Hadith) is equivalent to the setting up of other gods beside God. This is emphasized also in verse (6:114):

Shall I seek other than God as a source of law, when He revealed this book fully detailed?

We know that Muhammad followed the Quran and he was a living example of it (6:114-115). There is an example in the Quran, where the prophet Muhammad can be seen following the Quran. In this example Muhammad initially made a grave mistake and did not follow the Quran, whereupon God reminded him to follow the Quran and made him abide by the Quran (33:36-38).

Recall that you (Muhammad) said to the one who was blessed by God, and blessed by you, “keep your wife and reverence God,” and you hid inside yourself what God wished to proclaim. Thus, you feared the people, when you were supposed to fear only God

When Zeid was completely through with his wife, we had you marry her, in order to establish the precedent that a man can marry the divorced wife of his adopted son. God’s commands shall be done. (33:37)

The prophet is not committing an error by doing anything that is made lawful by God. Such is God’s system since the early generations. God’s command is a sacred duty. (33:38)

(33:38) points out that Muhammad was aware that he could marry Zeid’s wife after Zeid divorced her, because this verse is suggesting that this was made lawful by God, but initially Muhammad did not abide by this law. Therefore, there should be some information regarding marriage laws for the believers prior to Sura (Chapter) 33. Two essential facts should have already been mentioned in the Quran for Muhammad to establish that he could marry Zeid’s ex-wife.

a) One can marry more than one wife.
b) Prohibitions in marriage.

Mashallah both these facts were revealed before Sura 33 (based on the order of revelations).

These suras (chapters) are two and four. (4:3) tells us that we can marry more than one wife. (4:23) lists the women prohibited in marriage. This list does not include divorced wife of an adopted son. (2:221) tells us not to marry idolatress.

Obviously Zeid’s wife was a believing woman because that is not the issue discussed in (33:37-38), and she was not blood related to Muhammad. Therefore he could marry her.

The chronological sequence of revelation for the suras 2, 4 and 33 are 68, 74 and 77, respectively. We see that Sura 2 and 4 were revealed before Sura 33 and in quick succession.

This proves that Muhammad did indeed follow the Quran, and whenever he failed he was strongly reminded to do so, and God made him abide by it. Hence if anybody seeks to follow the footsteps of the prophet, then he or she should follow the Quran alone.

Do Not Marry Idol Worshipers

[2:221]  Do not marry idolatresses unless they believe; a believing woman is better than an idolatress, even if you like her. Nor shall you give your daughters in marriage to idolatrous men, unless they believe. A believing man is better than an idolater, even if you like him. These invite to Hell, while GOD invites to Paradise and forgiveness, as He wills. He clarifies His revelations for the people, that they may take heed.

[4:3]  If you deem it best for the orphans, you may marry their mothers - you may marry two, three, or four. If you fear lest you become unfair, then you shall be content with only one, or with what you already have. Additionally, you are thus more likely to avoid financial hardship.

    Prohibited in marriage           

[4:23]  Prohibited for you (in marriage) are your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, the sisters of your fathers, the sisters of your mothers, the daughters of your brother, the daughters of your sister, your nursing mothers, the girls who nursed from the same woman as you, the mothers of your wives, the daughters of your wives with whom you have consummated the marriage - if the marriage has not been consummated, you may marry the daughter. Also prohibited for you are the women who were married to your genetic sons. Also, you shall not be married to two sisters at the same time - but do not break up existing marriages. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.