Judaism & Islam at a Glance;

By Ijaz Chaudry

 

Common traits between Judaism and Islam;

 

Judaism;

God exists

 

Islam;

[2:255]  GOD: there is no other god besides Him, the Living, the Eternal. Never a moment of unawareness or slumber overtakes Him. To Him belongs everything in the heavens and everything on earth. Who could intercede with Him, except in accordance with His will? He knows their past, and their future. No one attains any knowledge, except as He wills. His dominion encompasses the heavens and the earth, and ruling them never burdens Him. He is the Most High, the Great.

 

Judaism;

There is only one God

 

Islam;

[2:255] – ditto-

 

Judaism;

There are no other gods

 

Islam;

[2:255] – ditto –

 

Judaism;

God can't be subdivided into different persons (unlike the Christians view of God)

 

Islam;

Islam agrees with this statement, and says three cannot be one, nor one can be three this is common sense;

                 Trinity: A False Doctrine

[4:171]  O people of the scripture, do not transgress the limits of your religion, and do not say about GOD except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was a messenger of GOD, and His word that He had sent to Mary, and a revelation from Him. Therefore, you shall believe in GOD and His messengers. You shall not say, "Trinity." You shall refrain from this for your own good. GOD is only one god. Be He glorified; He is much too glorious to have a son. To Him belongs everything in the heavens and everything on earth. GOD suffices as Lord and Master.

 

Judaism;

Jews should worship only the one God

 

Islam;

Muslims only worship one God and they emphasises that all humans should do the same for their own benefit;

[2:139]  Say, "Do you argue with us about GOD, when He is our Lord and your Lord? We are responsible for our deeds, and you are responsible for your deeds. To Him alone we are devoted."

[68:52]  It is in fact a message to the world.

 

Judaism;

God doesn't have a body, which means that God is neither female nor male.

 

Islam;

[24:35]  GOD is the light of the heavens and the earth. The allegory of His light is that of a concave mirror behind a lamp that is placed inside a glass container. The glass container is like a bright, pearl-like star. The fuel thereof is supplied from a blessed oil-producing tree, that is neither eastern, nor western. Its oil is almost self-radiating; needs no fire to ignite it. Light upon light. GOD guides to His light whoever wills (to be guided). GOD thus cites the parables for the people. GOD is fully aware of all things.

 

Judaism;

God is omnipresent: God is everywhere, all the time.

 

Islam;

[2:115]  To GOD belongs the east and the west; wherever you go there will be the presence of GOD. GOD is Omnipresent, Omniscient.

 

Judaism;

God is omnipotent: God can do anything at all.

 

Islam;

[2:148]  Each of you chooses the direction to follow; you shall race towards righteousness. Wherever you may be, GOD will summon you all. GOD is Omnipotent.

 

Difference between Judaism and Islam, Islamic point of view;

 

Judaism;

Judaism was founded by Moses, although Jews trace their history back to Abraham.

 

Islam;

Quran is clear that Moses was a Submitter (Muslim);

[2:136]  Say, "We believe in GOD, and in what was sent down to us, and in what was sent down to Abraham, Ismail, Isaac, Jacob, and the Patriarchs; and in what was given to Moses and Jesus, and all the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction among any of them. To Him alone we are submitters (Muslims)."

He was a Hebrew, a Prophet and a Messenger.  All Messengers in the Quran came with the same message Submission to God Alone which in Arabic is called Islam. 

[21:24]  Have they found other gods beside Him? Say, "Show me your proof. This is the message to my generation, consummating all previous messages." Indeed, most of them do not recognize the truth; this is why they are so hostile.

[39:22]  If GOD renders one's heart content with Submission (Islam), he will be following a light from his Lord. Therefore, woe to those whose hearts are hardened against GOD's message; they have gone far astray.

Judaism would have been created later on after Moses passed away, similar to Christianity which was created later after Jesus died.  However, the Merciful God recognises both religions by name…

                 All Believers Are Redeemed,

                 Regardless of the Name of Their Religion

[2:111]  Some have said, "No one will enter Paradise except Jews or Christians!" Such is their wishful thinking. Say, "Show us your proof, if you are right."

 

Judaism; 

Jews believe that there is only one God with whom they have a covenant

The covenant between God and Jews is the basis for the idea of the Jews as the chosen people. The first covenant was between God and Abraham.

 

Islam;

Muslims also believe in One God.  According to the Quran (The Final Testament) the covenant was made between God and The Children of Israel.  As I said earlier there were no Jews at the time of Moses but The Children of Israel.  Children of Israel are family of Israel (Jacob) who was direct descendent of Abraham his grandson.  There is a clear distinction between Jews and The Children of Israel.  Jew is a religion and The Children of Israel is a family.  According to the Quran The Children of Israel include Arabs, The Children of Israel can be bound to any religion.  The covenant was made between The Children of Israel and God, not between Jews and God.  After the covenant most disbelieved;

                 Israel Rebels

[2:61]  Recall that you said, "O Moses, we can no longer tolerate one kind of food. Call upon your Lord to produce for us such earthly crops as beans, cucumbers, garlic, lentils, and onions." He said, "Do you wish to substitute that which is inferior for that which is good? Go down to Egypt, where you can find what you asked for." They have incurred condemnation, humiliation, and disgrace, and brought upon themselves wrath from GOD. This is because they rejected GOD's revelations, and killed the prophets unjustly. This is because they disobeyed and transgressed.

                 Unity of All Submitters

[2:62]  Surely, those who believe, those who are Jewish, the Christians, and the converts; anyone who (1) believes in GOD, and (2) believes in the Last Day, and (3) leads a righteous life, will receive their recompense from their Lord. They have nothing to fear, nor will they grieve.

                Covenant with Israel

[2:63]  We made a covenant with you, as we raised Mount Sinai above you: "You shall uphold what we have given you strongly, and remember its contents, that you may be saved."

[2:64]  But you turned away thereafter, and if it were not for GOD's grace towards you and His mercy, you would have been doomed.

                The Commandments

[2:83]  We made a covenant with the Children of Israel: "You shall not worship except GOD. You shall honour your parents and regard the relatives, the orphans, and the poor. You shall treat the people amicably. You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat)." But you turned away, except a few of you, and you became averse.

[2:84]  We made a covenant with you, that you shall not shed your blood, nor shall you evict each other from your homes. You agreed and bore witness.

                Abraham

[2:124]  Recall that Abraham was put to the test by his Lord, through certain commands, and he fulfilled them. (God) said, "I am appointing you an imam for the people." He said, "And also my descendants?" He said, "My covenant does not include the transgressors."

 

Judaism; 

Judaism has a rich history of religious text, but the central and most important religious document is the Torah. Jewish traditional or oral law, the interpretation of the laws of the Torah, is called halakhah.

 

Islam;

The true Muslims only follow Quran the word of God.  Today's Muslims follow other sources besides Quran.  When you read Quran it is clear that it is emphasised in the Quran that the only source for the religious guidance should be the Quran.  Quran specifically names other sources and forbids us from following these;

[7:185]  Have they not looked at the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all the things GOD has created? Does it ever occur to them that the end of their life may be near? Which Hadith, beside this, do they believe in?

Similarly when the Torah was revealed to Moses that was the only source for Moses and his follower’s of their religion.  However now halakah is used as well which shows that Jewish religion is not pure anymore.

 

Judaism;

Jews believe that God appointed the Jews to be his chosen people in order to set an example of holiness and ethical behaviour to the world.

 

Islam;

According to Islam the chosen people were the Children of Israel who are not necessarily Jews.  But God reserves right to choose people as He wishes.  In fact God has warned that He will replace the bad with good people, and indeed in 21st century he has appointed a messenger from other than Children of Israel;

[6:84]  And we granted him Isaac and Jacob, and we guided both of them. Similarly, we guided Noah before that, and from his descendants (we guided) David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron. We thus reward the righteous.

[6:85]  Also, Zachariah, John, Jesus, and Elias; all were righteous.

[6:86]  And Ismail, Elisha, Jonah, and Lot; each of these we distinguished over all the people.

[6:87]  From among their ancestors, their descendants, and their siblings, we chose many, and we guided them in a straight path.

[6:88]  Such is GOD's guidance, with which He guides whomever He chooses from among His servants. Had any of them fallen into idolatry, their works would have been nullified.

[6:89]  Those were the ones to whom we have given the scripture, wisdom, and prophet hood. If these people disbelieve, we will substitute others in their place, and the new people will not be disbelievers.

 

Judaism; 

Jews believe that a Jew is someone who is the child of a Jewish mother; although some groups also accept children of Jewish fathers as Jewish. A Jew traditionally can't lose the technical 'status' of being a Jew by adopting another faith, but they do lose the religious element of their Jewish identity. Someone who isn't born a Jew can convert to Judaism, but it is not easy to do so.

 

Islam;

Islam is a religion which has no correlation with the family.  If someone is born Muslim because his/her mother or father was a Muslim, he/she does not automatically become Muslim.  Instead Islam is a belief system and the following verse states what need to take place for someone to become a Muslim and it is simple to convert to Islam;

                Minimum Requirements For Salvation

[5:69]  Surely, those who believe, those who are Jewish, the converts, and the Christians; any of them who (1) believe in GOD and (2) believe in the Last Day, and (3) lead a righteous life, have nothing to fear, nor will they grieve.

After accepting and believing in (5:69)one can increase his/her beliefs by following the Quran if he/she wishes.

 

Judaism;

Before Judaism, people believed in lots of gods, and those gods behaved no better than human beings with supernatural powers.

 

Islam;

Islam is the oldest religion in the world.  The first believer was Adam.  In those days belief in God was sufficient to be a Muslim.  However the Islam as we see today with its 5 religious practices was born much later on.  Abraham was founder of today's Islam with God's leave.  Each time God send a prophet and a messenger, first very few people believed, second those who believed started to idolize the prophet who God send instead of God.  Thus it is not only when Moses came that people had many gods, this has been happening throughout the world since the world began.  The prophets were sent with the same message worship God alone.  Following are three verses which validate that creating god beside God is a wide spread and natural habit of humans which occurred in the past and still happens now;

                Believers  Or  Hypocrites?

[4:60]  Have you noted those who claim that they believe in what was revealed to you, and in what was revealed before you, then uphold the unjust laws of their idols? They were commanded to reject such laws. Indeed, it is the devil's wish to lead them far astray.

[5:116]  GOD will say, "O Jesus, son of Mary,* did you say to the people, `Make me and my mother idols beside GOD?' " He will say, "Be You glorified. I could not utter what was not right. Had I said it, You already would have known it. You know my thoughts, and I do not know Your thoughts. You know all the secrets.

*5:116 It is noteworthy that the Quran consistently calls Jesus "son of Mary" and the Bible calls him "son of man". God knew that some will blaspheme and call him "son of God"!

[5:117]  "I told them only what You commanded me to say, that: `You shall worship GOD, my Lord and your Lord.' I was a witness among them for as long as I lived with them. When You terminated my life on earth, You became the Watcher over them. You witness all things.

[5:118]  "If You punish them, they are Your constituents. If You forgive them, You are the Almighty, Most Wise."

Judaism;

Jews believe that David and Solomon two righteous prophets transgressed later in their lives and died as disbelievers.

Islam;

Quran the Holy Book of Muslims confirms that this is not true and that all prophets including David and Solomon died as believers; this fact is mathematically coded in the Quran. By using the Prime number 19 and dividing the code we confirm this fact. Verse (2:133) describes Jacob as a believer at his death bed thus the key aspect of this verse in this code is “believer” and “death”. Verses (4:163-165) names all the prophets including David and Solomon; after adding 163 + 164 + 165 = 492 and concatenating the chapters and verses we get complete multiple of 19; 2 133 4 492 = 1122868 x 19. This code has a temporal connection which is it starts with the earliest to the oldest. Jacob in (2:133) came before David and Solomon in (4:163) therefore (2:133) comes first in the code and (4:163-165) appears later.

[2:133] Had you witnessed Jacob on his death bed; he said to his children, "What will you worship after I die?" They said, "We will worship your god; the god of your fathers Abraham, Ismail, and Isaac; the one god. To Him we are submitters."

[4:163] We have inspired you, as we inspired Noah and the prophets after him. And we inspired Abraham, Ismail, Isaac, Jacob, the Patriarchs, Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon. And we gave David the Psalms.

[4:164] Messengers we have told you about, and messengers we never told you about. And GOD spoke to Moses directly.

[4:165]  Messengers to deliver good news, as well as warnings. Thus, the people will have no excuse when they face GOD, after all these messengers have come to them. GOD is Almighty, Most Wise.

 

This article has direct reference to material on www.bbc.co.uk/religion.  Thus the paragraphs under the heading Judaism is from BBC.  Lot of effort has been taken to leave this material in its original form and minimize the amount of material in proportion to what BBC has put on their site.   This is done in compliance with Section 110 (5) of the Copyright Act 1976.